TMII ( Taman Mini Indonesia Indah) is A park showing in miniature the vast archipelago of Indonesia, it is devided into 27 provinces featuring each province’s characteristics. Some of the biggest attractions are its aviary, and IMAX theatre. It is 25 kilometers east of Jakarta.
It was Siti Hartinah Soeharto – intimately called Madame Tien Soeharto, who had the idea to initiate the building of a tourism area Taman Mini “Indonesia Indah”, inspired by the speech of President Soeharto who suggested a balance in the development of the physical-economical and mental-spiritual field.
As Chairperson of the Harapan Kita Foundation, established on August 28, 1968, Madame Tien Soeharto conveyed the idea of building the Indonesia in Miniature in the Board meeting of the Harapan Kita Foundation held on March 13, 1970 at Jl. Cendana 8, Jakarta. The project should contain the main construction in the form of regional traditional houses completed with cultural-art performances, presentations of the wealth of flora and fauna and other cultural elements of each region existing in Indonesia. The idea is based, among others to raise the pride and sense of love for the nation and country and to introduce Indonesia to the other nations in the world.
On January 30, 1971 at the closing of the Working Conference of the Governors, Regents and Mayors from all over Indonesia at the “Istana Negara” State Palace, also attended by the President, Madame Tien Soeharto accompanied by Mr. Amir Mahmud, Minister of Internal Affairs at her side, explained for the first time in public, the purpose and objectives of building the “Indonesia Indah” Miniature of Indonesia. Various suggestions, responses and ideas came from numerous groups of the community which mostly supported the development of the project.
On August 11, 1971 Madame Tien Soeharto assigned the Nusa Consultants, with a letter from the Harapan Kita Foundation, to do the master plan and feasibility study. The task was finished within 3,5 months.
At first, the location of the TMII project was in the Cempaka Putih area with a space of about 14 ha. However, Ali Sadikin, Governor of the Special Capital District of Jakarta, suggested a location in the surroundings of Pondok Gede, Pasar Rebo Sub-district with a space of about 100 hectares. Besides being larger, the location also keeps up with the future development of Jakarta. Madame Tien Soeharto accepted the suggestion, because the larger space will enable the Indonesia Miniature project to present the regional traditional houses and other buildings in their actual size.
On June 30, 1972 TMII started to be built in several phases, continuously. The design of the main construction, in the form of a relief map of Indonesia in Miniature with the water supply, the Pancasila Flame Monument, the Joglo structure and the Management Building, has been prepared by Nusa Consultants including the roads and preparing lots for each building; while the design of other buildings such as various regional pavilions is carried out by different Architectural Firms; Nusa Consultants only assist in keeping harmony in its totality.
Thanks to the mutual cooperation of all national potentials, the community around the location, the central and regional governments, the private sector and other elements of the community, the first phase of the construction of TMII can be said to be finished in 3 (three) years.
On April 20,1975 Taman Mini “Indonesia Indah” was officially opened by President Soeharto.
Location and Area
Taman Mini “Indonesia Indah” is located in Jakarta, the capital of the Republic of Indonesia, located about 2 km from Kampung Rambutan terminal, approximately 5 km from Halim airport Prime Kusumah, and 200 meters from the toll gate Jagorawi. This strategic location allows guests to reach it with various types of vehicles.
Land area of 150 hectares, located in four villages in the district administration and three subdistricts, namely Village Bambu Apus and Ceger in Cipayung District, village of Kampung Dukuh in Kramat Jati Subdistrict, and Village District Kampung Pinang Ranti in Makassar, East Jakarta. Land is actually only part of the land allotment TMII, because based on the Jakarta Governor Decree No. 3498 dated October 9, 1984 the area was expanded to 394.535 hectares. Therefore TMII is “Project Grow”, land use adapted to the developments and needs.
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